Lawyer – Career Rankings, Salary, Reviews and Advice

A lawyer advises and represents individuals or organizations in legal matters. Depending on their specialty and what type of law they practice, a lawyer may represent a client in civil or criminal court, or help a client write a will.

“There’s a reason why lawyers are usually called counsel; that’s essentially what our job is, to counsel,” says Juan Santamaria, a Houston-based staff attorney at the nonprofit Lone Star Legal Aid, who specializes in landlord-tenant cases. “We don’t just go to court to fight and argue. Our entire job is to complete a task for our client and to give our best counsel to that client to complete that task.”

Lawyers may work for nonprofit organizations or for federal, state or local governments, but the majority work in private or corporate legal offices, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Some lawyers work as district attorneys, prosecuting criminal cases within a jurisdiction, while others work as public defenders, representing individuals who are accused of crimes and can’t afford to hire an attorney. Some lawyers work as legal advisers to universities, municipalities or corporations. Environmental lawyers may work with waste disposal companies to make sure they comply with relevant laws related to the environment, family lawyers may advise clients during child custody or adoption proceedings, and securities lawyers may advise companies that are interested in listing in the stock exchange through an initial public offering.The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects 9.6% employment growth for lawyers between 2021 and 2031. In that period, an estimated 80,200 jobs should open up.

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How to use ChatGPT to write an essay

It is worth noting that if you take the text directly from the chatbot and submit it, your work could be considered a form of plagiarism, since it is not your original work. As with any information taken from another source, text generated by any AI should be clearly identified and credited in your work.

Also: Teachers are using ChatGPT more than students. Here’s how

In most educational institutions, the penalties for plagiarism are severe, ranging from a failing grade to expulsion from the school.

If you want ChatGPT generate a sample piece of text, put in the topic, the desired length, and watch for what it generates. For example, I input the following text: 

Can you write a five-paragraph essay on the topic, “Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton’s Managerial Leadership Grid.”

Within seconds, the chatbot output exactly what I asked for: A coherent, five-paragraph essay on the topic which can help you to guide you in your own writing. 

Also: What is GPT-4? Here’s everything you need to know

At this point it’s worth remembering how tools like ChatGPT work: They put words together in a form that they think is statistically valid but they don’t know if what they are saying is true or accurate. That means you might find invented facts or details or other oddities. It won’t be able to create original work because it is simply aggregating everything it has already absorbed. It might be a useful starting point for your own work, but don’t expect it to be inspired or accurate.

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Resilient Legal Writing

Purpose and Audience

Understand your purpose. What outcome are you trying to accomplish, and for whom? Structure, tone, and voice change based on the document you are drafting. Judges, another attorney, or a client all have expectations in your writing. Familiarize yourself with the courts or attorneys’ tone, style, pet peeves, etc. While a judge will almost always be a member of your audience, a judge will rarely be the only member.


Legal writing requires attention to detail while incorporating legal precedent. The first step in any research process is ensuring that you understand the issue. Understanding the question can be as difficult as answering it. Do not be afraid to ask questions if you need help. Do not commit the fatal error of excluding relevant cases because it does not support the conclusion you want to reach. Research should present an accurate assessment of the relevant law with an honest prediction of how the client’s facts are likely to come out under that law.


State your point directly and clearly using active voice. Avoid double negatives, and depending on your audience, do not use two spaces after the period unless required. Be consistent. If the document is longer than a few pages, use headings/subheadings as signposts. Just as the legal research mentioned above is a process, legal writing with clarity is also a process.


When submitting something to a partner, supervising attorney, or the court, you are making an impression. It is imperative to take proofreading seriously to produce high-quality work and to maintain professionalism. Those not proofreading their work should start immediately. It is also important to remember that under the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct and Professional Responsibility, Rule 1.1 states that a

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What it’s like to be a legally blind journalist

I’m severely sight impaired, otherwise referred to as legally blind, I have no sight in my right eye and very limited sight in my left.  

This is due to a congenital condition I have had since birth known as Septo Optic Dysplasia; the condition affects the optic nerves amongst other things. 

I also have something called Nystagmus which makes focusing difficult – which can impact my ability to read long pieces of text. 

The way I describe my sight is that it’s rather like looking through the porthole of a ship which occasionally gets misted over.  

I can’t see very far distances and I only can see what’s in front of me, and what I can see sometimes becomes blurred due to my Nystagmus. 

 Becoming a journalist was always a long-term goal for me ever since my teenage years when I used to write for my school paper.  

Finally, at the age of 28, after being a freelancer and working part time, I was finally able to break into the journalism industry. 

 Personally, I do believe that the shift in working patterns since the pandemic has contributed largely to why people like me have been able to find employment. 

Being disabled can be difficult in terms of getting to and from an office job, and so working in a society that has grown more accustomed to working from home has been an absolute game changer.

In my case, I have a guide dog, but guide dogs can get sick, or it may be snowing, or the weather may be too hot to take her out. 

Aside from that, I also have rather heavy assistive equipment I need to use, as well as an underlying health condition that affects my immune system. 

All these things were huge issues I faced

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England: New Law Society president calls on solicitors to refuse poorly paid legal aid work

England: New Law Society president calls on solicitors to refuse poorly paid legal aid work

The Law Society of England and Wales’s new president has said criminal lawyers should refuse work for which they are not properly remunerated as they demand a 15 per cent increase in legal aid fees, in line with barristers.

Lubna Shuja’s appointment comes as solicitors have been offered a nine per cent rise, despite having spent 25 years without an increase in pay and the fact and independent review recommends a 15 per cent increase.

Ms Shuja said that contractual obligations prevent solicitors from following barristers and taking strike action.

“If we can see that there is an area of work that is just not sustainable and not viable, we’ve got a duty to tell our members that,” she said.

“That’s what we’re here for, the Law Society, we are here to represent, promote, support over 200,000 solicitors, and we have to do that for all of them. So, if we can see that a particular area is not sustainable we’ve got to tell our members that and they will vote with their feet, as they are doing.

“That’s their answer, they’re just saying: ‘I can’t afford to do this work any more: it’s not viable, it’s not sustainable. I can’t live on these kinds of rates. I’m leaving and I’m going to do something else.’ And that is a real issue because the long-term consequences of that is we’re not going to have a criminal justice system.”

She said the number of law firms in England and Wales that have a criminal legal aid contract has declined from 1,652 in 2012 to 964 today.

This has led to legal aid deserts in places including Barnstaple, in north Devon, and Skegness, in Lincolnshire.

Ms Shuja also said that the average age of a duty solicitor is approaching 50

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How insurance companies can manage employees who are “quiet quitting”

“It’s a new name for an old behavior,” answered Mary-Lou MacDonald (pictured), national practice lead, health and performance, at HUB International.

People paring down their work output to find more balance in their personal lives is nothing new. The pandemic created a perfect storm for quiet quitting rather than being the source of the phenomenon.

“People have been pushed to the edge, given everything we’ve had to deal with around the pandemic. They’ve realized they’re in control of their health and wellbeing,” MacDonald said.

Quiet quitting is likely a result of burnout, an extreme and chronic form of stress which has skyrocketed in the last few years. A study by Canada Life last year showed one in three working Canadians felt burned out. Insurance (39%) was among the five industries that reported burnout rates above the national average (35%).

Read more: Balancing work-life as an insurance professional

Health and patient care had the highest rate, with more than half (53%) of workers feeling burned out, including 66% of nurses. Staff in transportation, education and childcare, and first responders were also experiencing burnout in high numbers.

“It’s not necessarily that they don’t want to give their energy, innovation, and creativity to work,” MacDonald said. “Rather, they realize that discretionary work should no longer be considered the standard, especially when it comes at the cost of their relationships, health, and wellbeing. They want to provide that extra effort on occasion, and to employers they feel deserve it.”

More positively, the trend suggests more employees are being smart around setting boundaries to protect their wellbeing. “It’s not about quitting; it’s about readingjusting and realigning priorities,” continued Macdonald.

The trend is also resonating strongly with younger employees. For MacDonald, quiet quitting reveals much about what the youngest cohort in the workplace values ​​in their

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Are Attorney’s Notes Protected During An Internal Investigation


Picture this: you are on-site at a new client’s headquarters for a weeklong hostile work environment investigation into several internal complaints made against the CEO and CFO. This is the first engagement for the client so you want to do as comprehensive a job as possible to leave a positive first impression (which will hopefully also lead to significant additional work). Importantly, your recommendations at the conclusion may lead to terminations, as well as subsequent lawsuits from either the purported victims and/or the terminated executives. There’s clearly a lot at stake here.

As of now, you have at least 15 witnesses to interview, but there will likely be many more that organically grow out of the investigation, which often happens. As you start your marathon of interviews and feverishly jot down every pertinent word the witnesses tell you, you can rest assured that future opposing counsel, jurors, and plaintiffs will never see your notes, right? Certainly, they would never be turned over in discovery or become a deposition or trial exhibit, would they? Well, as the typical lawyer response goes – it depends.

Attorney Work Product Doctrine

The basic rule, largely codified in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(3), is that the attorney work product doctrine generally prohibits the discoverability of materials and adversary prepares in “anticipation of litigation”. This makes sense considering the doctrine aims to provide lawyers with the privacy we need to think, plan, weigh facts and evidence, candidly assess a client’s case, and devise legal theories.

There are two types of work product: fact or “non-core,” which contains factual information resulting from a factual investigation; and “opinion,” which includes the lawyer’s mental impressions, conclusions, opinions, or legal theories. The latter receives virtually absolute protection and is typically

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