The IAEA’s Nuclear Law Institute in Vienna: Supporting Global Development of National Nuclear Legislation

Sixty lawyers and regulators from 54 of the IAEA’s Member States are taking part in lectures and practical exercises covering all areas of nuclear law at a two-week intensive training course, known as the Nuclear Law Institute (NLI), currently underway in Vienna.

The participants are being trained on nuclear law in general as well as more specialized topics in the field, such as the legal aspects related to small and medium size reactors, nuclear safety and developments in nuclear fusion; the relationship between environmental law and nuclear law, and legal aspects regarding financing of nuclear decommissioning and waste management.

IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi highlighted the impact of global challenges, such as global warming, in elevating interest in nuclear energy and its applications. He also emphasized the importance of appropriate legislation for the applications of nuclear technologies, including those to mitigate the effects of climate change. “You are participants of this course at a very crucial time of nuclear activities,” he told in his lecture on the future prospects of nuclear law.

The NLI was established 12 years ago, initiated by the IAEA as a response to the increasing demand for capacity-building in the field of nuclear law. Since then, the annual event, postponed in 2020 and 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, has served as an arena to educate and support countries in the development of national nuclear legislation, covering all areas of nuclear safety, security, safeguards and civil liability for nuclear damage. This is the tenth session of its kind.

Highlighting that since 2011 around 600 officials have been trained through the Institute, IAEA Legal Advisor and Director of the Office of Legal Affairs Peri Lynne Johnson, said: “The NLI has made a major contribution to the establishment and enhancement of adequate national nuclear legal

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